NY's COVID-19 stats show African-Americans, Hispanics, nursing homes at higher risk as reopening looms
Data on coronavirus deaths in the US shows a disturbing trend: The virus is killing black Americans at a higher rate. Activists working to level out racial disparities in healthcare, food access and safety are urging systemic change. (April 10) AP Domestic
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧The majority of about 1,200 people who were recently hospitalized due to COVID-19 in New York were living at home and 83% were not working, suggesting the coronavirus remains a threat despite social-distancing policies, new state data showed.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧The statistics revealed Wednesday offered the latest glimpse at the complex challenges ahead as New York and other states move to reopen some businesses shuttered due to the pandemic.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Of those hospitalized, 66% were living at home and 18% were nursing home residents, who remain the most vulnerable to COVID-19, the respiratory illness caused by the coronavirus.
At-risk people living in assisted-living and group homes, as well as jails and prisons, accounted for about 7% of cases.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Further, 96% of those hospitalized had underlying health conditions.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧People of color were also disproportionately affected, with African-Americans and Hispanics accounting for 21% and 17% of cases, respectively, according to a survey conducted over three days at more than 100 hospitals across the state.
The findings expanded upon the series of revelations since authorities began releasing more details about deaths under pressure from USA TODAY Network New York and other media outlets.
Over the past month, state officials have gone from scrambling to react to issuing generic counts of coronavirus infections and deaths to tackling crucial questions about risk factors.
“We need more specific information to have a specific battle plan,” Gov. Andrew Cuomo said on May 1, announcing the new hospital survey.
The strategic narrowing has come as New York on Thursday surpassed the devastating milestone of 20,000 deaths due to COVID-19, by far the most in the nation and rivaling many other entire countries.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Since first released in early April, the pandemic statistics in New York have helped expand public understanding of how the virus spreads and who faces the biggest threat.
Of the 20,828 deaths, 85% were those age 60 and older. About 5% of the cases were those 49 and younger.
And 18,629 of the deaths, or 89%, had at least one chronic disease.
- The leading underlying illness was hypertension, which showed up in 55% of the deaths.
- Next was diabetes, which was diagnosed in 7,414 deaths, or about 36% of the cases.
- Other top four illnesses found in those who died from coronavirus were hyperlipidemia; coronary artery disease; renal disease and dementia. They were apparent in about 11,500 of cases.
- Men accounted for nearly 59% of deaths.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧The new hospital survey also found relatively few essential workers, such as nurses, transit workers and grocery clerks, were being hospitalized.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Cuomo said the findings reinforced that others staying home need to follow social-distancing measures, such as wearing masks, to protect themselves and others.
“Everything is closed down. Government has done everything it could … Now it’s up to you,” he said.
What race, ethnicity data show about COVID-19 risks
Meanwhile, civil rights advocates suggested the fact COVID-19 is hitting communities of color hardest reflected the systemic racism ingrained in American society.
They cited how low-income neighborhoods with large minority populations have historically struggled to access medical and social services.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧“The same reasons why these communities have been underinvested in historically are at play here,” said ReNika Moore, director of the American Civil Liberties Union's Racial Justice Project.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧“There is just a failure to acknowledge these are the communities that are not the most visible … in terms of how we plan to protect them,” she added.
Outside New York City, statistics showed 18% of deaths due to COVID-19 were black people, who accounted for 9% of the population. By contrast, white people accounted for 60% of deaths and 74% of the population.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Of the deaths in New York City, 62% were black and Hispanic people, despite them representing just 51% of the population.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Dorianne Mason, director of health equity at the National Women’s Law Center, expanded on the factors driving the COVID-19 crisis in communities of color.
Minorities are more likely to live in densely packed and substandard housing that fuels outbreaks, she said, adding they are also more inclined to delay health care due to fears of medical costs.
“We can’t talk about COVID-19 mortality and disparate outcomes without talking about environmental racism, food justice and the housing crisis,” Mason said.
COVID-19 race, ethnicity disparities a national problem
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧New York is not alone as communities across the nation are seeing even similar disparities based on race, ethnicity and income.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧In the poorest neighborhoods, where median household income is less than $35,000, the COVID-19 infection rate was twice as high as in the nation’s wealthiest ZIP codes, with income more than $75,000, .
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Infection rates were five times higher in majority-minority ZIP codes than in ZIP codes with less than 10% nonwhite population.
Of the top 10 ZIP codes with 10 or more cases – one in Florida, one in Michigan, the other eight in New York City – nine are areas where at least two-thirds of the residents are nonwhite. Five are areas where household income is below the national median of $60,293.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Local health officials say not all neighborhood differences in infection rates are driven by race and income.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Some arise from limited access to testing sites or a lack of interest among some residents in being tested. Areas with more nursing homes may also show higher rates of infection.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧New York Health Commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker last month also attributed the COVID-19 disparities to higher rates of underlying health conditions among minorities.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧"One of the challenges is that some of the communities have challenges with their health in general," he said on April 7.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧But the USA TODAY analysis showed socioeconomic factors have played important roles, a fact reinforced by the ever-expanding statistics in New York that show where COVID-19 is most dangerous.
“We need to be directing resources there proportionately, and not taking a punitive approach that blames the folks who are most affected but looks at solutions-oriented approach to how we are going to help these people,” Moore said.
What NY is doing and not doing to target COVID-19 race, ethnicity risks
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧Amid the calls for action, New York last month announced new COVID-19 testing sites in minority communities and public service announcements in multiple languages.
Civil rights advocates asserted New York and many states should track and release race and ethnicity of COVID-19 testing results to better identify and protect the hardest hit neighborhoods.
Currently, only Illinois and Kansas release the race and ethnicity data for COVID-19 testing results, according to Johns Hopkins University research.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧“We need to be sure we are seeing the full picture of who is infected,” Moore said, adding anecdotal reports raise questions about the scope of outbreaks in black and Hispanic neighborhoods.
幸运飞艇4码选号技巧“There is reason to believe that even with the disproportionate rates of infection revealed so far that this is still underreporting,” she said.
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